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The Civil War Month by Month: Jan 1862

CW - 150

Civil War 150th anniversary

The Civil War 150th Anniversary

Interesting facts, links, and suggested books for each month of the Civil War.

January 1862

This Month's Events

  • 1 January. Stonewall Jackson sets out in bitter cold on an unsuccessful mission to disrupt the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad and the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal. He reaches Hancock, Maryland, but is unable to subdue the town with an artillery bombardment or to cross the Potomac River. This is one of many battles in the war that revolves around the importance of transportation for supplies and troops.

  • 6 January. The Union assembles what has been described as "the first major amphibious force" in American history at Fort Monroe, Virginia. This is often referred to as the Burnside Expedition for its commander, Ambrose Burnside. The expedition with its 80 ships and 12,000 soldiers is aimed at the North Carolina coast.

  • 6 January. Edwin Stanton becomes U. S. Secretary of War.

  • 10 January. At a meeting with 2 of the generals of the Army of the Potomac (McClellan is down with typhoid fever), Lincoln remarks that if General McClellan doesn't want to use the army, he would "like to borrow it". He is reflecting the widespread disatisfaction of both officials and the public with the lack of progress made by McClellan.

  • 10 January. On the same day another meeting is held by Moravians in Salem, North Carolina. The participants resolve "that until after Easter next no Lovefeasts...shall be kept, owing to the extraordinary prices of coffee and sugar, occasioned by the blockade of the southern ports, the former now selling at 75¢ and the latter at 20£ per lb., with the probability of still higher rates and greater scarcity thereafter."

  • 30 January. The USS Monitor is launched. She is the first ironclad built for the U. S. Navy and also the first ship with a rotating central gun in her turret. The word "monitor" becomes a generic term to describe a broad class of ships in many navies.
  • Making Friends with the Cook sculpture by John Rogers
  • During this month John Rogers begins work on a new sculpture, "Making Friends with the Cook" which depicts a soldier reading a newspaper to the cook as he stirs the kettle of food. Not many people remember Rogers today but his figures, whether produced in plaster or cast in medal, were found in homes all over the country and his portrayals of soldiers were very popular. (Read more about him in John Rogers: The People's Sculptor)

This Month's Fiction

Adult Fiction

Children's Fiction

Ironclad! : A true story of the Civil War,by Seymour Reit; illustrated with old prints and drawings, pub. 1977, 93 p., call #: J R. This is the story of the historic Civil War battle between two ironclad ships, the Merrimac (also called the Virginia) and the Monitor, from the viewpoint of Peter Williams, a young helmsman, who has impulsively volunteered to serve aboard the Monitor, the "tin can on a raft".

This Month's Non-Fiction

Adult Nonfiction

Children's Nonfiction

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