See TopoQuest map.
Official city website.
A store and home built by Abraham Stowe in 1865 served as the nucleus of the present day city of Belmont. As with many other communities, development was spurred by the building of the Atlanta & Richmond Air Line across the area. The original depot was built by an engineer named John Garibaldi and the stop was originally the Garibaldi Station. A post office was established in 1874 with Alex Beatty, a local storekeeper, as the first postmaster.
In 1872, Father Jeremiah J. O'Connell, a Catholic priest, bought the 500 acre Greene Washington Caldwell plantation where he hope to establish a school. He donated the property to the Benedictine Order and they sent a small group of monks who founded Maryhelp, an abbey and a farm. This became the present Belmont Abbey College. The Sisters of Mercy started a girls' school in 1892 which became Sacred Heart College.
The station's name was changed to Belmont in 1886 and the city was incorporated in 1895. Will Puett was the first mayor.
In 1900 Belmont was the only Gaston County city without a cotton mill, but the building of the Chronicle Mill in 1901 by Robert Lee Stowe and associates Abel Caleb Lineberger and Samuel Pinckney Stowe started a massive development of an eventual seventeen mills. (See our research guide, Textile Heritage of Gaston County.)
In Belmont: Belmont Historic District; Belmont Abbey College; Belmont Abbey Historic District; Daniel Stowe Botanical Garden; Belmont Historical Society museum and activities; Mercy Heritage Center, national archives of the Sisters of Mercy.
The city puts on 9 annual festivals.
Belmont historical resources:
Neighborhood analysis, Belmont, North Carolina, by North Carolina. Division of Community Planning, 1968, https://archive.org/details/neighborhoodanal1968nort
Population and economy, Belmont, North Carolina, 1966, 96 p., http://cdm16062.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/ref/collection/p249901coll22/id/44040
Belmont thoroughfare plan, 1965, 1976, http://cdm16062.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/ref/collection/p249901coll22/id/436735
Land use survey and analysis, land development and community facilities plan, Belmont, North Carolina, 1966, 206 p., http://cdm16062.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/ref/collection/p249901coll22/id/653800
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