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Census Records

Slave Schedules

The slave schedules do NOT include the names of the slaves. They list the name of the slave owner and give details on the number of slaves owned by age and sex.

  • United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850 is at FamilySearch.org.
    Go to: https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1420440
  • The 1860 slave schedule is available at Internet Archive (includes Reel 920 - Reel 927).  Gaston County is located on Reel 922.
    Go to:
    https://archive.org/details/populationschedu922unit
  • Ancestry Library Edition has the following collections:
    • 1850 U.S. Federal Census - Slave Schedules
    • 1860 U.S. Federal Census - Slave Schedules

Special Census

There is a surviving special census from 1890 of Union veterans. In a few places the enumerator also listed Confederate veterans.

  • Available in Ancestry Library Edition
  • United States Census of Union Veterans and Widows of the Civil War, 1890 is at FamilySearch.org
    Go to: https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1877095
  • 1890 Special Schedule of the 11th Census enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War. Microfilm Copy Available at the Gastonia Main Library.

Ancestry Library Edition has the following collections:

  • U.S., Special Census on Deaf Family Marriages and Hearing Relatives, 1888-1895
  • U.S., 1880 Federal Census Schedules of Defective, Dependent, and Delinquent Classes

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