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Digital Gaston County, North Carolina

Loray Mill

Digital Loray has an interactive map of the Loray mill village in 1920 which "documents the residents of village households and reveals demographic patterns, using information drawn from U.S. census data, city directories, and other sources."
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The Alfred C. Kessell History Center at Loray Mill features a multimedia exhibit that showcases the history of the Loray / Firestone Mill and Village.
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Architecture and Engineering:

Loray Digital Archive, Lucy Penegar Collection.


Lockwood-Greene Records. Series 1: Project Drawings, Renderings, and Plans. (Map-folder 256, Loray Mills, Gastonia, N.C.)

Lockwood-Greene Records. Series 1: Project Drawings, Renderings, and Plans. (Map-folder 1466, Loray Mills, Gastonia, N.C.)


Historic Properties:






Oral History:






  • Papers, 1928-1930 Vorse, Mary Heaton, 1874-1966. Papers of a journalist and author known for her championship of trade unionism -- Included are materials on three strikes in the textile industry covered by Vorse during the late 1920's. The majority of the papers are concerned with a strike in Gastonia, North Carolina. Available only on microfilm at Wisconsin Historical Society Library and Archives. Original materials were transferred to Wayne State University, Detroit, Mich. after filming.

  • A Pictorial Description of The Loray Mill and its Environs. Gastonia, N.C. 1929.

  • Gastonia gazette correspondence, 1929, 1939. The collection contains communications, letters, news releases, and petition relating to Loray Mill strike and Fred Beal. Located in the Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

  • Loray Mill Ledger Book. A ledger book from Loray Mill containing payment information for textile mill equipment and wages. 1937-1952. (Night Overseer at Victory Mill)

  • Loray Mill, Gastonia, Gaston County, NC. Firestone Textiles, Loray Plant . Gaston County Gastonia North Carolina, 1968. Historic American Engineering Record. Written historical and descriptive data.

  • Lynne Allred papers, circa 1976. Material related to her research on the textile workers strike in Gastonia in 1929. Located in J. Murrey Atkins Library, University of North Carolina at Charlotte.

  • State of North Carolina vs. Fred Erwin Beal, and et al. transcript Collection held at the Harvard Law School Library. This collection contains the complete transcript of the prosecution of Fred Erwin Beal, a communist labor organizer, and others involved in the 1929 Loray Mill Textile Workers' Strike, for the murder of Gastonia Police Chief Orville F. Aderholt. The transcript covers the retrial in the State of North Carolina Superior Court during September and October 1929. The collection also includes Judge M.V. Barnhill's January 18, 1930 charge to the jury. Collection held at the Harvard Law School Library. Go to:

  • Access the Gaston County Board of Commissioners Minutes Archive for a complete Repository of Board of Commissioners’ Adopted Regular Meeting Minutes from 1879 through 2020. Payment records related to trial of Fred Erwin Beal for murder of Gastonia Police Chief Orville F. Aderholt.

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Slides (Photographs)

Theses and Dissertations:

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